A non-definitive index of early and earliest notated instances of harmonies with 6 or more pitches

* indicates that the pitches in the example are arcitulated simultaneously.

A list of pieces currently in this index is at the bottom of this page.

please contact me if you know earlier examples



6 pitches


[012345] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012346] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012356] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[012456]
[013456] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[023456] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012347] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012357]
[012457] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[013457] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)*
[023457] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570)
[012367] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012467]
[013467] Webern: op.7 no.3 (~1914) Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[023467] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[012567] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[013567] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, i (~1721)
[023567] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[014567] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[024567]
[034567] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012348] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[012358] Ives: The New River (~1921)
[012458] Ives: from Lincoln the Great Commoner (~1921)
[013458] Webern: Im Morgentaun (~1909)
[023458] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[012368] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012468] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[013468] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 1, ii (~1721)
[023468] Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)*
[012568] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[013568] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570)
[023568] Webern: Kahl reckt der Baum (~1909)*
[014568] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[024568] Biber: Battalia (~1673)
[034568]
[012378] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[012478] Webern: op.7 no.4 (~1914) [013478] Webern: Kahl reckt der Baum (~1909)*
[023478] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[012578] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[013578] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 1, iii (~1721)
[023578] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570) Bach: Canonic Variations BWV 769 (~1747)
[014578] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, i (~1721) Webern: op.7 no.4 (~1914)*
[024578] Bach: Ricercar a 6 (~1747)
[034578] Ives: from Lincoln the Great Commoner (~1921)*
[012678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[013678] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914) Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[023678] Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[014678] Berg: op. 2 no. 4 (~1910)
[024678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[034678] Webern: op.7 no.4 (~1914) Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[025678] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)*
[035678] Webern: op.7 no.4 (~1914) Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[012369] Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)
[012469] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570)
[013469] Berg: op. 2 no. 4 (~1910)*
[023469] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 5, i (~1721)
[012569] Berg: op. 2 no. 4 (~1910)
[013569] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 2, i (~1721) Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)*
[023569] Ravel: Miroirs ii (~1905)* Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*
[014569] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[024569] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570)
[012479] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[013479] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909) Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)*
[023479] Verdi: Otello (~1885)*
[012579] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[013579] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[023579] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570) Brahms: op.118 no.3 (~1893) Ravel: Pavane pour une infante defunte (~1899) Debussy: Suite bergamasque ii (~1905)*
[014579] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps ii (~1941)
[024579] Tallis: Spem in alium (~1570) Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*
[013679]
[023679] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[014679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[024679] Bach Brandenburg Concerto 1, i (~1721) Rebel: Le elemens (~1737)*
[014589] Webern: Concerto for 9 instruments (~1934)
[024589] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, i (~1721) Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[023689] Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*
[024689] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, i (~1721) Ravel: Jeux d'eau (~1901) Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*
[02468A] Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*



7 pitches


[0123456] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0123457]
[0123467] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0123567] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0124567] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0134567] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[0234567] Ives: from Lincoln the Great Commoner (~1921)*
[0123458]
[0123468] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 1, ii (~1721)
[0123568] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[0124568] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[0134568]
[0234568] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[0123478] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0123578] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0124578]
[0134578] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0234578] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[0123678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[0124678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[0134678] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)*
[0234678] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[0125678] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[0135678] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0235678] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)*
[0145678] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0245678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[0345678] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0123469] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0123569] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)
[0124569] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0134569] Verdi: Otello (~1885)
[0234569] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0123479]
[0123579] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0124579] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps ii (~1941)*
[0134579] Berg: Dem Schmerz sein Recht (~1910)*
[0234579] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[0123679] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0124679] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, ii (~1721)
[0134679] Webern: Im Morgentaun (~1909) Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)*
[0234679] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 1, ii (~1721) Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[0125679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[0135679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0235679] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909)*
[0145679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0245679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0124589] Berg: op.2 no. 4 (~1910)
[0134589] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[0234589] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[0123689] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0124689]
[0134689] Rebel: Le elemens (~1737)*
[0234689] Webern: An Bachesranft (~1909) Berg: Dem Schmerz sein Recht (~1910)*
[0125689] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[0135689] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 3, ii (~1721) Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[0235689] Webern: op.7 no.4 (~1914)
[0245689] Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[0234789] Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)*
[0135789] Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[0235789] Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[0245789]
[0246789]
[012468A] Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1 (~1906)*
[013468A] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 2, i (~1721) Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[013568A] Bach: Brandenburg Concerto 2, iii (~1721) Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*



8 pitches


[01234567] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01234568] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01234578] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01234678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[01235678] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[01245678] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[01345678] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[02345678]
[01234569] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[01234579] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01234679] Ives: The White Gulls (~1921)*
[01235679]
[01245679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[01345679] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[02345679]
[01234589] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01234689]
[01235689] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01245689] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[01345689] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[02345689] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[01234789] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)*
[01235789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[01245789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[01345789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[02345789] Ives: Duty (~1921)
[01236789] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01246789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[01346789] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)*
[02346789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[01356789]
[02356789] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[02456789]
[0123468A] Ives: from Lincoln the Great Commoner (~1921)
[0123568A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[0124568A] Ives: Majority (~1921)*
[0134568A] Ives: West London (~1921)
[0123578A] Biber: Battalia (~1673)
[0124578A] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[0134578A] Ives: Premonitions (~1921)
[0124678A] Berg: Dem Schmerz sein Recht (~1910)
[0134678A] Berg: Lyric Suite (~1926)
[0134679A]



9 pitches


[012345678] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012345679] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[012345689] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012345789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[012346789]
[012356789] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[012456789] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[013456789] Webern: op.7 no.2 (~1914)
[023456789]
[01234568A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps ii (~1941)
[01234578A]
[01234678A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps ii (~1941)*
[01235678A] Ives: Evening (~1921) Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)*
[01245678A] Mahler: Symphony 10 (1910)*
[01345678A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[01234679A] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[01235679A]
[01245679A] Berg: op. 2 no. 4 (~1910)
[01245689A]



10 pitches


[0123456789] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954)
[012345678A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[012345679A] Ives: Majority (~1921)
[012345689A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)
[012345789A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941) Messiaen: La Fauvette des jardins (~1970)*
[012346789A] Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps i (~1941)



11 pitches


[0123456789A] Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (~1954) Messiaen: La Fauvette des jardins (~1970)*



12 pitches


[0123456789AB] Berg: Altenberg Lieder (~1912)*







Pieces currently on this list:


1570 Tallis: Spem in alium

1673 Biber: Battalia

1721 Bach: Brandenburg Concerti

1737 Rebel: Le elemens

1747 Bach: Ricercar a 6

1885 Verdi: Otello

1893 Brahms: op. 118

1899 Ravel: Pavane pour une infante défunte

1901 Ravel: Jeux d'eau

1905 Ravel: Miroirs ii

1906 Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie 1

1909 Webern: op. 3

1910 Berg: op. 2
1910 Mahler: Symphony 10

1912 Berg: Altenberg Lieder

1914 Webern: op. 7

1921 Ives: various songs

1926 Berg: Lyric Suite

1934 Webern: Concerto for 9 instruments

1941 Messiaen: Quatuor pour la fin du temps

1954 Babbitt: Composition for 12 instruments (revised from 1948)

1970 Messiaen: La Fauvette des jardins